Minor Scales

Natural Minor

You can easily determine the notes for any natural minor scale by using the following formula:

Natural Minor Scale = Root + whole step + half step + whole step + whole step + half step + whole step + whole step

or

Natural Minor Scale = Root + 1 step + 1/2 step + 1 step + 1 step + 1/2 step + 1 step + 1 step

 

Natural Minor Scales:

No Sharps Or Flats

a = a, b, c, d, e, f, g, a

Sharps

e = e, f#, g, a, b, c, d, e

b = b, c#, d, e, f#, g, a, b

f# = f#, g#, a, b, c#, d, e, f#

c# = c#, d#, e, f#, g#, a, b, c#

g# = g#, a#, b, c#, d#, e, f#, g#

d# = d#, e#, f#, g#, a#, b, c#, d#

a# = a#, b#, c#, d#, e#, f#, g#, a#

Flats

d = d, e, f, g, a, b♭, c, d

g = g, a, b♭, c, d, e♭, f, g

c = c, d, e♭, f, g, a♭, b♭, c

f = f, g, a♭, b♭, c, d♭, e♭, f

b♭= b♭, c, d♭, e♭, f, g♭, a♭, b♭

e♭= e♭, f, g♭, a♭, b♭, c♭, d♭, e♭

a♭= a♭, b♭, c♭, d♭, e♭, f♭, g♭, a♭

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Natural Minor Key Signatures

Harmonic Minor

You can easily determine the notes for any harmonic minor scale by using the formula below.  The harmonic minor scale is identical to the natural minor scale, except that the 7th tone is raised one half step both ascending and descending.

Harmonic Minor Scale = Root + whole step + half step + whole step + whole step + half step + (whole step + half step) + half step

or

Harmonic Minor Scale = Root + 1 step + 1/2 step + 1 step + 1 step + 1/2 steps + (1 step + 1/2 step) + 1/2 step

Melodic Minor

You can easily determine the notes for any melodic minor scale by using the formula below.  The melodic minor scale is identical to the natural minor scale, except that the 6th and 7th tones are raised one half step when ascending.  When the melodic minor scale is descending it is the same as the natural minor scale.

Melodic Minor Scale Ascending = Root + whole step + half step + whole step + whole step + whole step + whole step + half step

Melodic Minor Scale Descending = Root + whole step + whole step + half step + whole step + whole step + half step + whole step

or

Melodic Minor Scale Ascending = Root + 1 step + 1/2 step + 1 step + 1 step + 1 step + 1 step + 1/2 step

Melodic Minor Scale Descending = Root + 1 step + 1 step + 1/2 step + 1 step + 1 step + 1/2 step + 1 step